Today, on November 7, the signing of protocols on mutual deliveries of frozen poultry and dairy products between the Rosselkhoznadzor represented by Head Sergey Dankvert, and the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China took place in Beijing. The event took place within the framework of the 23rd regular meeting of heads of the Russian and Chinese governments Dmitry Medvedev and Li Keqiang.
The signing of these documents is an important and long-awaited step on the pathway to building mutually beneficial and most efficient trade and economic relations between the two countries. After signing the protocols the parties will be ready to agree on the list of establishments approved for export of dairy and poultry products, after which the latter party will be able to commence deliveries.
Thus, trade in dairy products between China and Russia will include trade in bovine milk, goat and sheep milk, as well as products thereof. In particular, it concerns condensed and non-condensed cream, buttermilk, yogurt, kefir, whey, butter, cheese, cottage cheese and casein.
Dairy product supplies will be carried out on condition that the countries have the systems in place guaranteeing that raw milk is produced from healthy animals and that dairy products can be traced to the manufacturer and farms. The countries should also effectively carry out monitoring of residues of harmful and prohibited substances.
Dairy cattle used to obtain raw milk for exported dairy products should be supplied by farms free from foot and mouth disease, rinderpest, PPR, sheep pox, goat pox and other dangerous diseases, and farms shall be under the control of the competent authority of China or State Veterinary Service of Russia.
Poultry products, including offal - chicken hearts, liver, kidneys, gizzards and heads, as well as skin, wings, feet, cartilage and bones can be allowed to be exported frozen, provided that the veterinary and sanitary requirements of Russia, EAEU and China are fully met.
Poultry products will be supplied upon condition that quarantine requirements with respect to avian influenza will be complied with according to biosafety management system.
Export poultry products shall be derived from the poultry reared at the establishments that are free from avian influenza, Newcastle disease and other dangerous diseases. The establishments exporting their products shall have the appropriate veterinary and sanitary security level.
The signed protocols also regulate the requirements for the external and inner packaging, marking and certification of commodities. In particular, each batch of dairy and poultry products intended for export shall be accompanied by the original veterinary certificate drawn up in Russian and Chinese.
The producers of export dairy and poultry products shall be registered with the competent authorities of the parties as appropriate. Russian establishments shall be registered with the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China, and Chinese exporting establishments shall be authorized by the Rosselkhoznadzor. The lists of Russian and Chinese establishments will be available on the websites of the parties’ competent authorities.
In 2013 the Rosselkhoznadzor commenced extensive work to ensure the access of dairy products to the Chinese market. In 2014 the Federal Service launched the same activity with respect to poultry products. Chinese food market is deemed to be one of the most promising areas for the realization of Russia’s export potential, especially taking into consideration the favourable geographical position of a number of the subjects, Siberia and the Far East in the first place.
The export authorization process lasted several years. Finally, at the end of 2017 and at the beginning of 2018, it was agreed to sign protocols on conducting inspection, quarantine, veterinary and sanitary control in regard to mutual deliveries of frozen poultry meat and dairy products between Russia and China. The signing of the said documents is highly significant for the further development of trade and economic relations between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China.