Before the 2nd round of consultations on the identification
and lifting of restrictions in trade, economy and investment between the
Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, the Rosselkhoznadzor delegation
held negotiations (on July 18) with the General Directorate of Customs (GDC) of
the PRC on admission of Russian grain products to the Chinese market and
expanding the list of Russian regions from which Russian exports are allowed.
The parties noted an increase in the export of Russian grain
products to China, as well as the beginning of supplies of oats, buckwheat,
flax seeds and sunflower seeds, for which the relevant protocols have been
signed on November 1, 2017.
The General Directorate of Customs of the PRC reported on
the volumes of annual imports of grain products to China: about 90 million tons
of soybeans, 4 million tons of rapeseed, 3-4 million tons of maize are imported;
and, taking into consideration the large capacity of the grain market,
expressed interest in increasing imports of Russian grain products.
It is worth noting the discussion of the existing
regionalization system for such crops as wheat, soybean, maize, rice and
rapeseed. In particular, the representatives of the General Directorate of
Customs informed about the readiness, after the provision of relevant information
by the Russian side, to consider the possibility of conducting a phytosanitary
risk analysis for all subjects of the Russian Federation, based on which it is
expected to conduct on-site audits in 2019.
Also the General Directorate of Customs reported on the
final stages of the procedure for the analysis of phytosanitary risks for wheat
grown on the territory of the Kurgan Oblast.
During the meeting, the Chinese side was given draft
protocols on barley and beet pulp, revised according to the comments of the
Ministry of Agriculture of Russia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of
Russia. Further discussion of the draft protocols is planned within the
framework of telephone negotiations after their consideration by the GDC
In conclusion, the parties agreed on the possibility of
holding the 7th meeting of the Russian-Chinese Permanent Working Group on
Cooperation in the Field of Veterinary Surveillance, Phytosanitary Control and
Food Safety in September 2018.
The delegation of the Rosselkhoznadzor also participated in
the second round of consultations under the supervision of the Ministry of
Economic Development and the Ministry of Commerce of China during its working
visit to China, during which the Russian party reported on the agreements
reached with the General Directorate of Customs (GDC) of the PRC on regionalization
and in particular, on the readiness of GDC to consider the possibility of
expanding the list of regions from which the export of Russian grain products
is allowed. This refers not only to approval of 1-2 subjects of the Russian
Federation, as before, but of all the regions of the country, for export of
wheat, soybean, corn, rice, soya and rape seeds to China, after submission of the
information necessary for the analysis of phytosanitary risks and on-site audits.