On April 4 a meeting between the representatives of the Rosselkhoznadzor and newly appointed Agricultural Attaché of Brazil in Russia Cosam de Carvalho Coutinho took place in Moscow.
The parties discussed several technical issues related to the bilateral deliveries of animal and plant products.
In particular, in the course of the talks the Rosselkhoznadzor provided the Brazilian party with the technical information necessary for the authorization of Russian fish, meat and poultry product manufacturing establishments interested in export to Brazil. At the same time, the Rosselkhoznadzor noted that the issue of access of Russian animal products to the Brazilian market had been discussed for several years and remained unresolved on the part of Brazil. This comes against the backdrop that more than one hundred Brazilian establishments were authorized for animal product export under the safeguards of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply of Brazil without additional inspections by the Rosselkhoznadzor. In this context, it was mentioned that the Rosselkhoznadzor advocated for application of unbiased and equivalent approaches to the development of animal product trade.
The parties also addressed the issues related to temporary restrictions on beef, pork and beef and pork offal deliveries to Russia from Brazil that had been imposed since December 1, 2017. The ban resulted from the detection of ractopamine (a muscle growth stimulant for animals that is prohibited in Russia) in meat products imported from Brazil.
The Rosselkhoznadzor informed that up to the present moment it had not received information, including copies of test reports and other evidence, from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply of Brazil about the investigation conducted with respect to the causes of the presence of ractopamine in meat products exported to Russia.
The Rosselkhoznadzor reminded Cosam de Carvalho Coutinho that since 2013 the Service had been working extensively with the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply of Brazil on arranging supplies of animal products that were compliant with legal requirements as regards the absence of ractopamine to Russia. The complicated talks as well as the measures taken by the Brazilian party culminated in the commitment made by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply of Brazil to supply only the products manufactured from meat derived from animals that were raised without ractopamine to Russia. However, in 2017 the prohibited stimulant was detected in Brazilian meat products again indicating the low efficiency of the official control system as regards the absence of prohibited growth stimulants.
Discussion of the issue of lifting the imposed restrictions can become relevant unless and until the Rosselkhoznadzor has obtained all the necessary information and subsequent talks between technical specialists have been held.
Mutual deliveries of plant products became another topic for discussion.
The Rosselkhoznadzor emphasized that it was taking all the necessary measures to ensure the phytosanitary safety of wheat and other crops exported to other countries. Currently, 133 countries of the world are importing Russian grain confirming the high product quality and compliance with all the international standards and requirements for safety. However, Russia has not been offered a possibility to supply wheat to the Brazilian market so far. In particular, the Rosselkhoznadzor raised its concerns about the protracted harmonization of a model phytosanitary certificate, which is to accompany Russian grain consignments exported to Brazilian flour manufacturing establishments where procedures for quarantine object destruction are in place.
At the same time, the Rosselkhoznadzor, for its part, supports unhindered soybean supplies from Brazil to Russia though it has registered the cases of harmful quarantine organism detection in Brazilian soy.
The parties also discussed flower product supplies from Brazil to Russia. The Rosselkhoznadzor provided the Brazilian party with the English translation of the requirements for flower products reflected in Decision of the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission No. 157 as well as the list of harmful objects quarantinable for the EAEU member-countries.
In conclusion, the parties noted the readiness for the dialogue and the fastest possible settlement of the issues hindering mutual trade.