At the present time influenza H1N1/09 is spreading further among people, the disease has been confirmed in 208 countries. According to the World Health Organization data, the total number of laboratory confirmed cases of human infection with influenza H1N1/09 virus has reached 227539, including 2045 cases with lethal outcome. According to expert estimates, cases of human infection may be numbered in the millions.
The Rosselkhoznadzor and the Rospotrebnadzor took measures to slow down the infection entry into the Russian Federation. To slow it down but not to prevent, because prevention is impossible due to the strain properties and the situation analysis. In particular the Rosselkhoznadzor took restrictive measures for prevention of possible import of the agent together with the infected meat raw materials, coming into Russia from countries and country regions where the infection had actively spread among people. These measures proved effective and the disease appeared in Russia three months later than in other European countries.
At the present time the Russian Federation is included into the group of countries where influenza H1N1/09 was registered.
According to the Rospotrebnadzor data, in the territory of the Russian Federation some hundreds of people were confirmed to have influenza H1N1/09 by laboratory test methods.
Due to the fact that the disease is already spreading in the territory of the Russian Federation, by transmitting from one person to another, the risk of its import together with the infected products should be considered so small as to be negligible because if it happens it will not change the whole situation in Russia.
For these reasons the Rosselkhoznadzor put forward a proposal to the Russian Federation Government Commission on prevention of import of diseases caused by a highly pathogenic influenza virus. It concerned the following issues:
Due to change in the epidemic situation, it is impractical to further maintain the restrictions on import of animals and animal products from the countries where this disease is registered, as these conditions will make a negative economic impact on international trade, and are not able to slow down the disease spreading among people in Russia.
Alongside with this, considering the data coming from different countries about infection with H1N1 virus of commercial swine and turkey herds after contact with infected people, it is appropriate to carry out random monitoring of two types:
- Monitoring (retrospective, for antibodies, sampling at the moment of slaughter) of influenza spread over swine farms in Russia, situated in the areas of active spreading of this influenza virus;
- Monitoring for influenza H1N1/09 virus in swine products imported into the territory of the Russian Federation from other countries.
This decision was approved by the Commission.
According to this decision the Rosselkhoznadzor informs that it will not impose further restrictions on import of meat raw materials from foreign countries on the whole or from their administrative territories in connection with influenza H1N1 virus spreading among people. All these restrictions imposed will be lifted from October 15, 2009. It means that any animal product, manufactured at any time will be imported without any restrictions, connected with this virus spreading among people.
Alongside with this, we’d like to draw your attention to the fact that if this infection is detected among animals in the exporting country, the necessary restrictions will be imposed under the conditions that are used for other strains and types of highly pathogenic influenza A virus.